Health and Fitness

Roles and responsibilities of an orthopedic surgeon

The musculoskeletal system comprises bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Because certain areas of your body are so vital in daily movement, it is usual to experience discomfort in orthopedic areas of your body.

An orthopedic surgeon or orthopedic doctor (sometimes referred to as an orthopedist) is a doctor who specializes in the area of orthopedic surgery or orthopedic medicine. However, they are also competent to diagnose and treat disorders utilizing non-invasive methods and surgical procedures.

Because orthopedics is such a broad discipline, most orthopedic specialists and orthopedic products manufacturers in India choose to specialize in a specific area of orthopedics. For example, some of the most prevalent orthopedic specializations are hand, foot, and sports injuries, to name a few examples.

Orthopedists are experts in their field. In most cases, you will visit an orthopedist after your primary care physician recommends you to one. Your primary care physician may advise you on the sort of orthopedist you should visit for your specific problem.

What Does an Orthopedic Surgeon Do?

To diagnose and treat orthopedic issues, an orthopedic surgeon must be trained in all aspects of orthopedic care, including treatment and rehabilitation. Long-term treatment plans for diseases, disorders, and problems involving your joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles may be devised with their assistance.

This sort of specialist may conduct a wide variety of surgery, including ankle, knee, hip, spinal, hand, and neck treatments. It is common for them to treat a condition holistically and minimally invasively, which may not need surgery.

Education and Training

One must finish a minimum of 13 years of study to become an  surgeon as per orthopedic products manufacturers in India:

  • A bachelor’s degree
  • Medical school
  • A 5-year residency in orthopedic surgery at a major medical institution

The American Board of Orthopedic Surgery requires that prospective orthopedic surgeons work in the profession for two years after completing their five-year residency before taking a final test to be formally recognized by the organization.

Reasons to See an Orthopedic Surgeon

The most frequent reason for seeing an orthopedic specialist is experiencing pain in a joint, muscle, or bone — or any discomfort associated with mobility.

Another symptom you should consult an orthopedic specialist is if your range of motion has been significantly reduced. Doctors of orthopedics can assist you in regaining your capacity to move in certain ways.

What to Expect at the Orthopedic Surgeon?

When you first see an surgeon, they will ask you questions about your medical history as well as your current problems. Make sure to bring any medical documents or past testing paperwork you may have with you to the appointment.

Your doctor may administer a single test or a set of tests to identify your problem. Various tests may be performed depending on your symptoms, including X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (MRIs). Physical testing might also be included in the process.

Alternatively, it is conceivable that your orthopedic surgeon will diagnose you without the need to do any tests. In this scenario, they may ask you a series of questions to establish the source of your difficulties.

After receiving a diagnosis, you and your doctor will review treatment choices and choose the best option for you in each case. It might include surgery, the use of a cast or taping device, or even the performance of physical activities.

Risks of Orthopedic Surgery

Any surgical procedure has a certain amount of risk. While most of the problems can be treated and most operations are quite safe, there are certain potential complications that patients should be aware of before having surgery to make an informed decision.


There is a wide range of alternatives available when it comes to anesthesia for surgeries. Comparing general anesthesia to regional and local anesthesia, general anesthesia has the highest risk of problems since you are asleep throughout the treatment. These may vary from moderate and transitory (e.g., nausea, chills) to severe and permanent (e.g., kidney failure) (e.g., breathing problems, cognitive dysfunction). 3 It is also possible to be allergic to anesthesia or have an unpleasant response to it.

Not every form of anesthetic will be effective for every surgical procedure. Furthermore, for certain persons (e.g., those with high blood pressure or obesity), a particular form of anesthetic may be deemed to be safer than another.


One of the most prevalent fears patients have about undergoing orthopedic surgery is contracting an infection. Some post-operative infections are easily treated, while others may need further surgery and a lengthy course of antibiotic therapy.

It is possible to lessen the likelihood of contracting an illness by following certain guidelines.

Blood Clots

After  surgery, blood clots may develop in the veins, a condition known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Pulmonary embolism may occur when DVTs move from the veins to the lungs (PE).

A surgeon may suggest compression, movement, or blood thinners prevent blood clots from developing.


Orthopedic surgery is a widely used surgery and is highly recommended by manufacturers in IndiaBut to get the best benefit of it, it’s important to know the role of  surgeons. In this post, we have listed their roles.


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